Learn how to configure and access Prometheus metrics.

Tetragon exposes a number of Prometheus metrics that can be used for two main purposes:

  1. Monitoring the health of Tetragon itself
  2. Monitoring the activity of processes observed by Tetragon

For the full list, refer to metrics reference.

Enable/Disable Metrics


In a Kubernetes installation, metrics are enabled by default and exposed via tetragon service at endpoint /metrics on port 2112.

You can change the port via Helm values:

    port: 2222 # default is 2112

Or entirely disable the metrics server:

    enabled: false # default is true


In a non-Kubernetes installation, metrics are disabled by default. You can enable them by setting the metrics server address, for example :2112, via the --metrics-server flag.

If using systemd, set the metrics-address entry in a file under the /etc/tetragon/tetragon.conf.d/ directory.

Verify that metrics are exposed

To verify that the metrics server has started, check the logs of the Tetragon Agent. In Kubernetes, run:

kubectl -n kube-system logs ds/tetragon

The logs should contain a line similar to the following:

time="2023-09-22T23:16:24+05:30" level=info msg="Starting metrics server" addr="localhost:2112"

To see what metrics are exposed, you can access the metrics endpoint directly. In Kubernetes, forward the metrics port:

kubectl -n kube-system port-forward svc/tetragon 2112:2112

Access localhost:2112/metrics endpoint either in a browser or for example using curl. You should see a list of metrics similar to the following:

# HELP promhttp_metric_handler_errors_total Total number of internal errors encountered by the promhttp metric handler.
# TYPE promhttp_metric_handler_errors_total counter
promhttp_metric_handler_errors_total{cause="encoding"} 0
promhttp_metric_handler_errors_total{cause="gathering"} 0
# HELP tetragon_errors_total The total number of Tetragon errors. For internal use only.
# TYPE tetragon_errors_total counter

Configure labels on events metrics

Depending on the workloads running in the environment, Events Metrics may have very high cardinality. This is particularly likely in Kubernetes environments, where each pod creates a separate timeseries. To avoid overwhelming Prometheus, Tetragon provides an option to choose which labels are populated in these metrics.

You can configure the labels via Helm values or the --metrics-label-filter flag. Set the value to a comma-separated list of enabled labels:

    metricsLabelFilter: "namespace,workload,binary" # "pod" label is disabled

Scrape metrics

Typically, metrics are scraped by Prometheus or another compatible agent (for example OpenTelemetry Collector), stored in Prometheus or another compatible database, then queried and visualized for example using Grafana.

In Kubernetes, you can install Prometheus and Grafana using the kube-prometheus-stack Helm chart:

helm repo add prometheus-community
helm install kube-prometheus-stack prometheus-community/kube-prometheus-stack \
  --namespace monitoring  --create-namespace \
  --set prometheus.prometheusSpec.serviceMonitorSelectorNilUsesHelmValues=false

The kube-prometheus-stack Helm chart includes Prometheus Operator, which allows you to configure Prometheus via Kubernetes custom resources. Tetragon comes with a default ServiceMonitor resource containing the scrape confguration. You can enable it via Helm values:

      enabled: true